The MLA Style Sheet was first officially published in 1951 to establish standards for documentation and citation. Its scope has grown to include guidance on formatting, composition, quoting & paraphrasing, and more. Its methods have evolved over time in response to the emergence of new information formats, but it continues to provide the essential guidance that allows readers to focus on the content of a scholarly work without the distractions of style and formatting inconsistencies. It is used primarily in language, literature and cultural disciplines, but it may be used in other academic disciplines. Always ask your instructor's preference about which formatting and citation style to use for your research papers. Information in this guide is based on the MLA Handbook, 9th edition, published in 2021.
The MLA Style Center website is a comprehensive source for guidelines, tips, and examples of MLA citation and formatting.
New inclusive language guidelines (Ch. 2 & 3)
Expanded guidance on Works Cited (Ch. 5)
Better articulated explanation of in-text citations (Ch. 6)
New Works Cited appendix