1. Purpose of use (nonprofit educational use is more likely to be fair use than commercial use)
2. Nature of the copyrighted work (factual work is more likely to be fair use than creative work)
3. Amount & substantiality of the portion used in proportion to the whole
4. Effect of the use on the potential market for the work
1. Check RightFind Academic to verify permission with our Copyright Clearance Center Academic Site License
2. Contact the copyright holder directly for permission
Licensed Library Content
Licensed with Creative Commons
You are free to copy and share content that has been licensed through the Creative Commons as long as you use the work in accordance with the CC license applied by the creator.
It is never a violation of copyright to share a link to non-infringing online content. You just need to be sure any link you provide is functioning, and that it does not lead to a paywall that impedes access.
Whichever method you use to ensure you are compliant, always attribute the source. Include a full citation and copyright register's warning with an additional warning about further electronic distribution.
Cornell University Library
A table that clearly lays out the copyright status of a work based on publication year and/or renewal.
Michael Brewer and the ALA Office for Information Technology Policy
A question/answer wizard that determines the copyright protection on a work depending on age and policy. The end results can be exported into a PDF for personal record.
Copyright Advisory Office, Columbia University Libraries/Information Services
A PDF version of the checklist may be downloaded and shared with attribution.
Columbia University Libraries
Procedures for contacting and seeking permission from copyright holders plus same letters for videos, text material, and using material in a course management system.
Interactive online tool to help users of CC material build an attribution.