In general, a research assignment can be broken down into a few steps:
The process isn't always neat and tidy, though, so you may find yourself repeating steps as you go along!
Topic development is ongoing - your topic can and probably will shift!
Quote when the exact wording is important to retain meaning
Paraphrase to restate the author’s idea in your own words
Citation is quoting or otherwise referring to an author or their work to illustrate a point or to support an argument in your own essay or research paper. When you do this, you must acknowledge the contribution of that author with an in-text citation and a bibliographic citation. An in-text citation is a short reference to that part of the work you have used within the body of your paper, and a bibliographic citation is a full citation included in a list at the end of your paper, formatted according to the style you are using - usually APA or MLA style.
Brief reference to an author’s work in the body of your paper, pointing your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list. MLA Style uses author-page format. APA style uses author-date format.
List of full citations for all resources used, arranged alphabetically by authors’ last names. MLA style refers to this as Works Cited. APA Style and Chicago Author-Date style refer to this as References. Chicago NB style refers to this as Bibliography.
Do Cite It
Don't Cite It